What is Ayurved?


Science of Ayurved

An ancient medical science, Ayurveda offers a rich, deep and dynamic body of knowledge that supports holistic wellness at a deep level.


Believed to be the oldest system of healing on Earth, Ayurveda is distinct in that it tailors preventative wellness as well as the treatment of acute and chronic conditions to the unique constitution of the individual.


The focus is on bringing the elements within the individual’s body back into balance, as it is the imbalance and provocation of the elements that are the cause of any kind of disease.


Science of Ayurved

The word Ayurveda is translated as “science of life”, and is used to describe the vast body of healing knowledge that traces its roots to India, dating as far back as 5,000 to 6,000 BC.


Ayurveda is said to be an eternal science that first existed in the universal consciousness (Brahma) before it was passed from the creator to the ancient Indian mystics through meditation.


The first mentions of this great body of knowledge are found in the Rig Veda (an ancient Indian collection of Vedic hymns), but the classical texts specific to Ayurveda are called the Charaka Samhita, Susruta Samhita and the Astanga Hridayam.

These texts were originally scribed by the ancient seers in the sacred language of Sanskrit, but have since been translated, verse by verse, into English for use in the West.


Basics of Ayurved


According to Ayurvedic philosophy, the entire cosmos is an interplay of the energies of five elements: Prithvi, Aap, Tej, Vayu and Akash. Ayurveda groups these five elements into three basic types of energy and functional principles that are present in everybody and everything. Since there are no single words in English to describe these principles, we use the Sanskrit words Vata, Pitta and Kapha to describe their combinations. These are the three Doshas.


Vata embodies the energy of movement and is said to manifest in the world and in ourselves with the qualities of dry, light, cold, mobile, and subtle.


Pitta embodies the energy of transformation, digestion or metabolism, and is said to manifest in the world and in ourselves with the qualities of hot, sharp, oily and liquid.


Kapha embodies the energy of building, lubrication and holding structure, and it is said to manifest in the world and in ourselves with the qualities of heavy, slow, gross and static.

All of the doshas are essential to our existence, and each offers its own unique and beautiful qualities to ensure the smooth functioning of the whole. However, when they become imbalanced, we become imbalanced...leading to dis-ease. In order to maintain wellness within our body, mind and consciousness, we must understand how Vata, Pitta and Kapha work together within us, and we strive to keep them balanced.



Vata, Pitta and Kapha all exist inside of every individual, but are combined in different ratios to make up that person’s unique "inherent constitution". Known as Prakruti in Ayurveda, your inherent constitution will show a dominance of one (or sometimes two) of the doshas within you.

The ratio was determined by factors such as genetics, the health and wellbeing of your parents, and the astrology at your time of conception. This unique combination of the elements within you is a big part of who you are, and as the foundation of your being, it does not change throughout your life. Understanding your Prakruti supports you to accept and honour yourself in your individuality.



As we move throughout life and interface with the world, our doshas inevitably get imbalanced, which can make us feel less than our vibrant selves. Ayurveda uses the Sanskrit term “Vikruti” to describe the current state of imbalance of the doshas. Though the goal is to come back into perfect balance with your Prakruti (inherent constitution), it is nearly impossible to do, so you will therefore always have a Vikruti (current state of imbalance). Your Vikruti will change over the course of seasons and weeks, and even as you move throughout your day. Your job, according to Ayurveda, is to live such that you are bringing your Vikruti back into balance with your Prakruti on a daily, seasonal and yearly basis.

What is Ayurvedic Body Constitution?