Ayurvedic Body and Mind
In Indian Ayurveda, there are mainly three types of body types — Vata, Pitta & Kapha. The doshas are described as biological energies found throughout the human body and mind. They govern the physical and mental processes and provide every living being with an individual blueprint for health and fulfilment. These doshas are derived from the five elements of nature
The balance of doshas in the body goes a long way in keeping you healthy. According to Ayurveda, if the proportion of doshas in your current state is close to your birth constitution, then you remain energetic and healthy. Any imbalance or divergence between these states can lead you to feel sick and unhealthy. In Ayurveda, Vikruti is the term used to describe this imbalance or deviation away from the Prakruti.
Since we are most susceptible to imbalances related to our doshas, having a deeper understanding of what really constitutes them and what kind of a dosha you belong to is important.
Body - Mind - Dosha Relationship
People of Vata body type are generally physically underdeveloped. Their chests are flat and their veins and muscle tendons are usually visible. They usually have brown to the wheatish complexion and dry and rough skin.
Psychologically, Vata people are characterized by short term memory and yet have a quick mental understanding and so are able to grasp things quickly and easily. But they also have the tendency to forget it with equal speed.
People of Pitta body type are usually of medium height and have a delicate and slender body frame. Their muscle development is moderate and usually have a fair or reddish kind of complexion. They have a strong metabolism and a good appetite.
People with Pitta body type have a sharp mind and an excellent concentration. They quickly comprehend situations and react with agility. They are usually good orators and possess good management and leadership skills.
Kapha people usually constitute well-developed bodies but also have a tendency to carry excess weight. Their chests are expanded and broad and their veins and tendons are not visible because of a thick layer of skin.
People of kappa mindset are usually calm in nature. They are forgiving and peaceful and believe in maintaining harmony in their surroundings. They have slow comprehension but are better at retaining knowledge.
Ayurvedic Mental Constitution
The state of the mind is a very important aspect of a person. The 'rishis' (sages) understood that everything in this world has got three principal modes.
The tendency to act, rest and balance, is within all living entities. Rajas, Tamas and Sattva (together known as the Tri-gunas) are the three modes of the universe inherent in every particle.
Generally these three modes are applied to understanding the mind, since the mind is the more subtle aspect of our body.